While we had been to Italy several times before, we had never set foot in Sicily. In July 2019 we decided to fix that mistake and travel to the largest island in the Mediterranean. Our journey in Sicily began with a full day in Palermo, the capital of the island, also known as ‘the most conquered city in history’. 

Before our trip, we were told that we should leave Palermo as soon as we land because there’s nothing to see or do in the city. I strongly disagree and I’m glad I ignored this piece of advice. This just proves that other people’s travel experiences don’t necessarily predict your own!

Palermo is characterised by a fascinating mix of cultures due to the various nations that have dominated Sicily over time. 

You’ll find architectural masterpieces with elements from Arab, Roman, Greek, and Gothic styles, charming outdoor restaurants serving genuine Sicilian dishes, centuries-old markets full of fresh produce and an exciting street food scene. On top of that, there are hardly any tourists around, which means that you’ll get to experience the authentic local culture. 

Read also: The perfect one-week Sicily itinerary

One day is enough to visit the highlights of the city but if you want to delve a bit deeper, I recommend staying for an additional day.

I’ve put together a list of the most exciting things to do in Palermo in case you only have a day to spend. All of the places mentioned below can be reached on foot if you’re willing to walk a few kilometres. Just remember to carry sunscreen and a (reusable!) water bottle with you if you’re visiting the city in the summertime since the midday heat is brutal! 

1. Visit the bustling street markets

Local boy looking at octopuses sold at Ballaro market in Palermo; a stack of local vegetables

To get a glimpse of authentic Sicilian life, head to one of Palermo’s street markets. The three main ones are Vucciria, Capo and Ballaro markets, the latter being the biggest and busiest of them all, and the one I recommend you visit.

Be ready to have your senses stimulated because Ballaro is loud, colourful, and full of unusual (and not always pleasant) smells. 

Here you’ll discover a labyrinth of stalls with boxes full of various types of fish, strings of sausages hanging above you, piles of strange-looking vegetables, baskets full of snails, and huge swordfish heads staring at you. 

On top of that, you’ll hear the loud shouts of countless vendors promoting their products and trying to catch your attention. These are just a few of the experiences you might have at the markets! 

While the conditions for selling meat and fish didn’t look particularly hygienic, this kind of markets are an ideal place to buy fresh fruits, nuts and veggies – you’ll get cheap unpackaged food while supporting local farmers.

2. Marvel at the Massimo Theater

Massimo Theater on a clear sunny day in Palermo

Right in the center of Palermo, you’ll find the gigantic Massimo Theater, the third-largest opera house in Europe and in my opinion the most impressive building in the city.

The architecture of the theater was inspired by Greek temples, which you can clearly see from the massive columns guarding the main entrance. 

It’s free to roam around outside the theater but if you want to have a look inside, you need to buy a guided tour for 8 euros. Alternatively, you can purchase a ticket to see a play which is probably well worth the money as the theater is famous for its perfect acoustics! 

The third option is to get a Roof Terrace Tour with panoramic views over Palermo if you’re willing to pay a fee of 20 euros.

3. Enjoy the beauty of Palermo Cathedral

The facade of Palermo Cathedral combining elements from Arabic, Western and Byzantine origin.

Constructed and renovated over hundreds of years under the rule of different nations, Palermo Cathedral has a unique appearance with elements from Arabic, Western and Byzantine origin.

While this 12th-century landmark is truly impressive on the outside, the interior of the cathedral is not quite as exciting but still worth a visit, especially since it’s free. However, keep in mind that your shoulders and knees should be covered before you enter or they’ll make you wear a horrible paper poncho!

To access the treasury, the roof terrace, and the tombs of royals and emperors, you’ll need to purchase a ticket for 10 euros.

4. Indulge in local street food

Arancini, cannoli, gelato in a brioche bun and other Sicilian street food

Don’t miss out on all the amazing street food Palermo has to offer. The three most famous items which you can easily find all over the city are arancini, granita and cannoli.

Arancini (or arancino in singular), is a deep-fried ball of rice with a savory filling like cheese or ham in the middle. Golden and crunchy on the outside while soft and moist on the inside, these balls of goodness cost just around 1 euro and will keep you full for a while.

Moving on to sweet stuff, cannoli (or cannolo in singular) is the queen of pastries in Sicily. Not only do they look adorable, but these crispy pastry rolls with creamy sweet ricotta filling will also send your taste buds to heaven!

Finally, there’s granita, a Sicilian twist on sorbet. This delicious frozen dessert can be found in pretty much any flavor you could ask for, ranging from the most traditional lemon all the way to coffee, pistachio and peach.

5. Admire the beauty of Pretoria Fountain

One of the many nude sculptures at Pretoria Fountain in Palermo on a cloudless day.
The centerpiece of Pretoria Fountain in Palermo, Sicily.

Just next to Quattro Canti, a little square marking the centre of Palermo’s historic quarter, you’ll find Piazza Pretoria with its magnificent fountain in the middle.

This intricate masterpiece was actually built in Florence and then shipped to Palermo in the 16th century. Once reassembled in its current location, many locals were outraged by the nudity of the sculptures surrounding the fountain, especially because it’s located right next to a church.

Fun fact: Due to all the naked statues, Pretoria Square is also known as the Square of Shame (Piazza Della Vergogna).

I didn’t notice anything shameful about this place and, in fact, think it’s a really gorgeous fountain! Also, with more than 50 statues surrounding it, it’s quite a unique spot for taking photos.

6. Finish your day in Antica Focacceria San Francesco

The bustling Antica Focacceria San Francesco restaurant in Palermo on a warm summer night.

There’s no better way to wrap up your day in Palermo than to relax in one of its charming outdoor restaurants with a glass of Sicilian wine in your hand and local delicacies on your plate.

We visited Antica Focacceria San Francesco, a famous restaurant open since 1834 in the heart of Palermo, and I can only give you my warmest recommendations. 

The main dining area of the restaurant is located on a little piazza surrounded by historic buildings. This, combined with soft warm lights and a gentle summer breeze just created an incredibly romantic ambience.

As if the setting wasn’t idyllic enough, a duo of elderly men started singing Italian ballads on the balcony of the restaurant giving us a truly memorable dining experience. 

The dishes in Antica Focacceria are traditional Sicilian and fairly inexpensive. We opted for a platter of local street food, a tuna steak (tonno al pistacchio) for me, beef rolls with pine nuts (involtini di manzo) for Fernando, and a pistachio cake as dessert. And, of course, a few glasses of Sicilian wine. 😉

7. Bonus tip: what not to do

As we are both nature-lovers, we decided to visit the Botanical Garden to admire exquisite Mediterranean flora and wander among exotic trees. Well, the reality was pretty far from what we expected.

I don’t know if the entire gardening staff had gone on a very long summer holiday but this place looked completely abandoned. We’ve never seen a botanical garden in such condition! 

Fields of dead plants and brown grass, a layer of algae swallowing the ponds, and weeds overtaking the walking paths – it could almost be a scene from a post-apocalyptic movie. 

What makes the whole situation even stranger is the fact that the Botanical Garden has quite positive reviews online. How’s that possible?! Anyway, I recommend you to save your time and money and avoid this place.


Palermo is a vibrant capital with rich history that is reflected in its architecture, food and culture. If you’re travelling to Sicily, make sure to include this charismatic city in your itinerary, even if it’s just for a day.

Have you been to Palermo? Which other places would you recommend to visit? Let me know in the comments! 🙂

Ciao for now!

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